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Abraham Lincoln (v. 4)


Abraham Lincoln (v. 4)

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    Available in PDF Format | Abraham Lincoln (v. 4).pdf | Unknown
    John George Nicolay
Excerpt from book: CHAPTER III THE FALL OF SUMTER Chap. m. T)RESIDENT LINCOLN in deciding the Sumter jL question had adopted a simple but effective policy. To use his own words, he determined to " send bread to Anderson ": if the rebels fired on that, they would not be able to convince the world that he had begun civil war. All danger of misapprehension, all accusations of " invasion " and " subjugation," would fall to the ground before that paramount duty not only to the nation, but to humanity. This was universal statesmanship reduced to its simplest expression. To this end he had ordered the relief expedition to sail, and sent open notice to Governor Pickens of its coming. His own duty thus discharged, no less in kindness than in honesty, the American people would take care of the result. That he by this time expected resistance and hostilities, though unrecorded, is reasonably certain. The presence of armed ships with the expedition, and their instructions to fight their way to the fort in case of opposition, show that he believed the arbitrament of the sword to be at hand. His authorization to Anderson to capitulate after the ordinary risks of war is evidence that he did not expect a decisive battle or a conclusive victory. Whether the expedition would fail or succeed was a question Chap. m. of minor importance. He was not playing a game of military strategy with Beauregard. He was looking through Sumter to the loyal States: beyond the insulted flag to the avenging nation. The rebels, on their part, had only a choice of evils. Their scheme of peaceable secession demanded incompatible conditions — the union of the South and the division of the North. If they set war in motion, they would lose their Democratic allies in the free States. If they hesitated to fight, the revolution wo...  
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  • PDF | 290 pages
  • John George Nicolay
  • General Books LLC
  • Unknown
  • 3
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